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七巧板图片,经济学人 || 打破女人职场天花板,月半小夜曲

2019-04-03 09:51:04 投稿人 : admin 围观 : 233 次 0 评论

The glass ceiling in the corporate world is not brok熊承家en, but it is starting to crack.

Women are getting on to corporate boards at greater speed, and in greater numbers. Research by LinkedIn, a professional networking site, shows that across five countries (America, Germany, India, Italy and Norway) women it lists as directors reached the position faster than their male counterpartsdid.

企业董事会中女性人数更多,添加速度更快。作业网站LinkedIn研讨表贞德簿本明在5个国家中(美国、德国、印度、意大利和吴燕雯挪威),女性坐上董事位子的速度比男性搭档更快。

In America, for example, women got there 9.8 years after leaving university and men after 10.9 years. This suggests that younger women are making good progress in the boardroom. Overall, however, females are still lagging behind the males. The proportion of people in leadership roles (director-level and above) that is female in the five countries varies from 17% in India to 35% in Ameri父女图片ca.

例如,在美国,女性在大学毕业有点色后需求9.8年爬上董事的位子,而男性则需求10.9年。这表明在董事会中,年青女性正在获得很大的前进。但整体来看,女性仍落后于男性。在五个国家中,领导层女性(董事及以上)人数从印度的17%到美国的35%各不相同。

Britain has seen a clear advance; a campaign there called the 30% club has managed to increase 七巧板图片,经济学人 || 打破女性职场天花板,月半小夜曲the share of female directors of FTSE 100 companies from 12.5% in 2010 to 30.6%. But as the world marks International Women's Day on March 8th, it is clear that the glass ceiling has not shattered. Some firms may be paying only lip service to the idea of female leadership.

英国已经有了显着的前进;英国‘30%’运动期望设法将英国富时100公司中女性董事的占比从2010年的12.5%添加至30.6%。可是在3月8日国际妇女节之日,很显着企业界的玻璃天花板还没有碎。一些公司或许不过是在口头上应承女性领导力这一主意。

A王聚民 paper in the Academy of Management Journal highlights the phenomenon of "twokenism", a statistical bunching of American companies with exactly two female directors.The authors suggest this is directly related to 舔乳the average number of female directors on S&P1500 boards in the period studied (2004-13), which was 1.92.By opting for two women, businesses could claim they had "above average" female representation.

《办理学会杂志》中的一篇论文强调了“象征主义”现象,据统计许多美国公司中只要两名女性董事。其作者暗示这和研讨时段(2014-13)中规范普尔1500董事会的女性董事均匀七巧板图片,经济学人 || 打破女性职场天花板,月半小夜曲人数(1.92)有着直接关系。经过挑选两名女性入职,公司可以声称自己公司女性代表人数“高于均匀”。

In any case, a ri铁勒话se in the number of female directors is a narrow measure of female economic success. Having women at the top of organisations may inspire others to emulatethem, and board members may be able push through more female-friendly policies lower down in their organisations. But the vast majority of women would never expect to become directors. What they value is an opportunity to get a well-paid job and to be free吾家有个冰山大恶魔 from discrimination while doing it.

最任何情况下,女性董事人华润水泥供货商门户数的添加都是对女性经济成功的一种狭窄衡量。安排高层中有女性成员或许可以鼓励其他人仿照她们,而且董事会成员或许可以在企业中推广对女性愈加友爱地方针。可是大部分女性从未等待能成为董事。她们垂青的是得到高薪作业的时机以及在作业中不受轻视。

In this respect the news is less encouraging. Across the OECD the gender pay gap of full-time employees averages 13.5% and varies widely, from 3.4% in Luxembourg to 36.7% in South Korea. It can be hard to adjust for all the many factors, suc七巧板图片,经济学人 || 打破女性职场天花板,月半小夜曲h as skill levels, that might explain this gap. Nevertheless, the OE唐焯仪CD found last year that full-time employed women with a college degree earned, on average, 26% less than their male equivalents. A World Bank survey of 187 economies, published last month, found that women had, on average, three-quarters of the legal and employment rights of men.

在这一方面,新闻就没那么鼓舞人心。经济合作与开展安排(OECD)中,全职职工的性别收入距离均匀为13.5%且差异很大,从卢森堡的3.4%到韩国的36.7%各不持平。因为许多原因,这一现象很难改动,如技术水平,这或许能解说这一距离。不过OECD发现上一年具有大学学历的全职女性职工的均匀工资比平等学历的男性少26%。重庆中小学zslpsh国际银行对187个经济体做了一项查询并于上个月出书,该查询发现女性的均匀法定权利和作业权只要男性的3/4.

The survey asked questions such as whether women were free to travel and open a business, if they had property rights and if they were protected from sexual harassment. 舒奈芙In the Middle East and north Africa, women were found on this basis to have less than half the rights of men (Saudi Arabia was ranked lowest of all the countries surveyed). Only in six countries (Belgium, Denmark, France, Latvia, Luxembourg and Sweden) did the law and society grant women equal rights.

该查询中问询的问题有,女性是否能自在游览和创业,她们是否有财产权以及她们是否免于性打扰。在中东和北非,女性在此基础上的权利不到男性的刁一妾一半(沙特阿拉伯在所有被查询国家中排名最低)。仅有6个国家(比利时、丹麦、法国、拉脱维七巧板图片,经济学人 || 打破女性职场天花板,月半小夜曲亚、卢森堡和瑞典)赋予了女性平等的法令和社会权利。

Problems are deep-rooted. Research by Lisa Cameron of the University of Melbourne with the IZA, a German thinktank, found that in many developing economies more than half of all non-agricultural female workers relied on inf芝麻街之大鸟看国际ormal employment, a higher share than men.

这些问题根深柢固。德国智囊团IZA和墨尔本大学的丽莎卡梅隆研讨发现在许多开展中国家,超越一半的非农业女性都从事着非正规作业,这一份额高于男性。

Not only do these women get paid less as a result, they also lack access to state social programmes, such as unemployment benefit and pensions, which are often designed with formal employment status in mind.The result is that霸宠独门小娇妻 poorly paid women have few resources to fall back on.

因而,这些女性不只挣得少,她们还不能参加国家社会项目,如赋闲补贴和养老金,这些通常是为正式用工情况所设七巧板图片,经济学人 || 打破女性职场天花板,月半小夜曲计的。成果现场铁证第一部,这些薪水菲薄的女功能依靠的资源十分少。

In addition, social programmes are much less generous in developing economies than they are in the rich world, absorbing 17.7% of GDP in Europe and 10.7% in America, but only 9.7% in Latin America and just 1.4% in South-East Asia.

此外,开展中国家的社会项目没有发达国家的那么大方,欧洲社会项目占GDP的17.7%,美国是10.7%,但在拉丁美洲仅为9.7%,在东南亚只要1.4%。

Without the cushion of a benefit system, working women in the developing world probably must endure more bullying and harassment at work, for fear of losing their jobs. So there is certainly cause to celebrate women making small steps forward in the boardroom. But bigger leaps are still needed elsewhere. Progress in the boardroom is on共和国之怒完整版ly a start.

没了福利系统的维护,开展中国家的作业女性或许有必要在作业中忍耐更多欺负和打扰,因顾倾城沉鱼为她们惧怕丢了作业。所以肯定有理由庆祝女性在董事会中获得的小前进。可是国际各地仍需求更大的前进。董事会议室中的前进仅仅是一个开端。

Work

Words

Hard

Crack

Verb. to break without dividing into separate parts.

Counte七巧板图片,经济学人 || 打破女性职场天花板,月半小夜曲rpart

Noun. a person or thing that has the same position or function as sb/sth else in a different place or situation.

Shatter

Verb.to suddenly break into small pieces.

Emulate

Verb. to try to do sth as well as sb else because you admire them.

Pensions

Noun.Someone who has a pension recei七巧板图片,经济学人 || 打破女性职场天花板,月半小夜曲ves a regular sum of money from the state or from a former employer because they have retired or because they are widowed or disabled.

Play

Spring

Harder

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